The Seven Summits

The Seven Summits are the highest mountains of each of the seven continents. Summiting all of them is regarded as a mountaineering challenge, first achieved on April 30, 1985 by Richard Bass.

The seven summits depend on the definition used for a continent — in particular the location of the border of that continent. This results in two points of variation: the first is Mont Blancversus Mount Elbrus for the continent of Europe; and the second depends on whether one includes all of Oceania or only mainland Australia as the continent, which results in either Puncak Jaya (also known as "Carstensz Pyramid") or Mount Kosciuszko, respectively.

This creates several possible versions of the seven summits:

  • Everest, Aconcagua, Denali, Kilimanjaro, Elbrus, Puncak Jaya, Vinson
  • Everest, Aconcagua, Denali, Kilimanjaro, Elbrus, Kosciuszko, Vinson 
  • Everest, Aconcagua, Denali, Kilimanjaro, Mont Blanc, Kosciuszko, Vinson.
  • Everest, Aconcagua, Denali, Kilimanjaro, Mont Blanc, Puncak Jaya, Vinson.